The Romans 1 - Answers

Published: Wednesday 20th October 2010
  1. Who was the father of twins Romulus and Remus? Mars , The Roman God of War.
  2. Who was the first Emperor of the Roman Empire? Augustus.
  3. How many legionaries would form a Legion in the Roman army? 5000
  4. Who was the Roman God of wine? Bacchus.
  5. What position did Lucius Cornelius Sulla hold in the Roman Republic? Dictator.
  6. What does the idiom "Crossing the Rubicon"mean and from where does it originate? It means "point of no return" and originates from Julius Caesar's crossing of the river in 49 BC which was considered an act of war.
  7. Who were Rome's adversaries in the PUNIC wars? Carthage.
  8. Which Roman emperor allegedly gave a consulship to his horse? Caligula, his horse was named Incitatus.
  9. Which Roman city was buried by volcanic ash? Pompeii.
  10. On how many hills was Rome said to have been built? Seven.
  11. The abbreviation SPQR adorned the battle standards of the Roman Empire, what does it stand for? Senatus populusque romanus, which means 'The Senate and the People of Rome'.
  12. Who was the fifth and last Emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty? Nero.
  13. Who led the slaves' revolt of 72 BC? Spartacus.
  14. Who commissioned the building of the first stone theatre in Rome? Pompey in 55 BC.
  15. What was the "lararium" in a Roman home? A religious shrine.
  16. In what building did Roman chariot races take place? Circus Maximus.
  17. Which Roman road ran from Exeter to Lincoln? Fosse Way.
  18. What was the Roman name for the Isle of Wight? Vectis.
  19. Other than humans, what was the only mammal allowed to enter a Roman temple? Cats.
  20. Who became the first Christian Roman Emperor? Constantine the Great.