17th Century History 1 - Answers

Published: Sunday 3rd November 2013
  1. Who succeeded Elizabeth I as English monarch in 1603? James I.
  2. On which ship did the "Pilgrim Fathers" make their voyage to North America in 1620? The Mayflower.
  3. Construction began in 1632 of a mausoleum for the wife of Shah Jahan, by what name do we now know this building? Taj Mahal.
  4. Who in the early 17th Century discovered the four largest satellites of Jupiter? Galileo Galilei (They are known as the Galilean Moons).
  5. Which battle in 1642 became the first major cavalry battle of the English Civil War? The Battle of Powick Bridge.
  6. Who did American settler John Rolfe marry in 1614? Pocahontas.
  7. Who or what was New York named after in 1665? The Duke of York (latterly James II).
  8. What was established by King Charles I in 1640 in order to pass financial bills following the Bishop's Wars? The Long Parliament.
  9. What did the "Edict of Fontainebleau" outlaw in France in 1685? Protestantism.
  10. In whose bakery on Pudding Lane did the Great Fire of London originate in 1666? Thomas Farriner (Farynor).
  11. Known as "The War of the Two Kings" in Ireland, which two kings fought the Irish Jacobite War? King James II and King William of Orange.
  12. Which two nations fought the Eighty Years War from 1568 to 1648? Spain and the Netherlands.
  13. In which Massachusetts Township were the famous witch trials of 1692 and 1693 held? Salem.
  14. Who did James I appoint as Poet Laureate in 1616? Ben Johnson.
  15. Which monarch first made the Royal Mail available to the public in 1635? King Charles I.
  16. What was Tasmania called when first discovered by Abel Tasman in 1642? Van Diemen’s Land.
  17. What was the first US State, in 1652, to pass a law making slavery illegal? Rhode Island.
  18. Who became Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland in 1653? Oliver Cromwell.
  19. Which French monarch became known as The Sun King? Louis XIV.
  20. Who in 1667 published "Paradise Lost"? John Milton.