17th Century History 2 - Answers

Published: Saturday 7th June 2014
  1. In which year did the "Gunpowder Plot" take place? 1605
  2. Which Frenchman who died in 1650 was known as the "Father of Modern Philosophy"? Rene Descartes.
  3. What name was given to the series of treaties that ended the Thirty Years War in 1648? The Peace of Westphalia.
  4. What was the final battle of the English Civil War in 1651? The Battle of Worcester.
  5. Which 17th century English scientist is famous for "discovering" gravity? Sir Isaac Newton.
  6. Who became King of France at the age of nine in 1643, he went on to become the longest reigning monarch in European history? Louis XIV.
  7. Which disease caused the Great Plague of London from 1665 to 1666? Bubonic Plague.
  8. On what date is the Battle of the Boyne celebrated in Ireland? July 12th.
  9. In which decade of the 17th Century was the Bank of England founded? 1690s (1694).
  10. Which Elizabethan hero was latterly executed by James I for treason? Sir Walter Raleigh.
  11. Who in 1628 published his thesis regarding the circulation of blood in the human body? William Harvey.
  12. Which tax was first applied in England in 1695? Window Tax.
  13. What was first performed at Oberammergau in 1634? The passion play.
  14. Over which castle did Charles I raise his Royal Standard in 1642, effecting declaring war on his own parliament? Nottingham.
  15. Which European country became in 1661 the first to issue banknotes? Sweden.
  16. To which TWO cities did Charles II move his court in 1665 to avoid the plague in London? Salisbury and Exeter.
  17. Which clan was massacred in Glencoe in 1692? The MacDonald.
  18. What, in 1662, became England's last territorial possession in France? Calais.
  19. Which 17th century artist painted "The Girl with the Pearl Earring"? Johannes Vermeer.
  20. On which thoroughfare did the Great Fire of London start? Pudding Lane.


  1. steve says:

    Q.6 Louis XIV came to the throne in 1643 & wasn’t quite 5 when he became King

  2. scitman says:

    Calais was taken by the French in January 1558, hence the famous quote from Queen Mary about Calais being engraved on her heart.

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